Journal of Ethical and Legal Issues
(originally - Journal of Academic and Business Ethics)

The Journal of Ethical and Legal Issues (JELI) publishes original, unpublished manuscripts related to contemporary ethical and legal issues. Issues like plagiarism, academic integrity, corporate fraud, sexual harassment, white-collar crime and criminal justice are appropriate topics in ethical and legal articles.

Coeditor: Dr. Steve Bain, Professor & Counseling Center Supervisor, Texas A&M University.
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Coeditor: Dr. James Larson, Professor & Chair, Dept. of Professional Studies, National University.
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Journal of Ethical and Legal Issues - Review Board
ISSN Online: 2573-2404, Print: 2573-2390

See AABRI Journal Submission Procedures for instructions to authors.

See AABRI Publication Policies and Procedures for information regarding acceptance rates, archiving, review procedures, etc.

The Journal of Ethical and Legal Issues is listed in the Cabell's Directory of Publishing Opportunities with an acceptance rate of 35%. The Journal of Academic and Business Ethics (previous title) is listed in the Cabell's Directory of Publishing Opportunities.
AABRI authors retain copyright to their manuscripts. See the AABRI Copyright Policy for complete details.
JELI is published by the Academic and Business Research Institute.Please see for AABRI journal submission procedures.
Click on the manuscript name below to read the articles from the Journal of Ethical and Legal Issues. All articles are published in PDF format and require a PDF reader. Download free Adobe PDF reader.

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Volume 12:

The relationship between emotional intelligence, maximizing tendencies and business students’ perceptions of cheating, Rafik Z. Elias, California State University, Los Angeles.

Gladys and the narcissistic Knight: Developing students understanding of ethical conflicts and professional responsibilities, Teresa Pergola, The University of Tampa; L. Melissa Walters, The University of Tampa; Mary Keener, The University of Tampa.

A pathway to improve accounting ethics, C. Shane Warrick, Southern Arkansas University; Andrew D. Almand, Henderson State University; Kevin Pauli, Mississippi College.

Beyond a reasonable doubt, presumption of innocence, and human metacognition biases , Rudolph Valadez, Pacific West College of law.

Unsportsmanlike conduct? The NFL’s response to the kneeling controversy, Michael Conklin, Angelo State University; Christine Z. J. Noel, Colorado Mesa University.

Volume 11 - June, 2018:

Lethality assessment protocol: A qualitative exploratory analysis, Tanya M. Grant, Sacred Heart University.

Ethical leadership: Engaging students in reflective perspectives, Kerry Fierke, University of Minnesota.

A comparison of the prevalence of dishonest academic behaviors between USA and German students, Michael Monahan, Frostburg State University; Amit Shah, Frostburg State University; Raj Shah, University of Missouri.

P-hacking’s day in court, A.E. Rodriguez, University of New Haven; Glenn McGee, University of New Haven.

Establishing an ethic of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in business school students: A comparative study of accounting and non-accounting majors, Victoria McCarthy, Austin Peay State University; Gloria J. Miller, Austin Peay State University; Susan Cockrell, Austin Peay State University; Dan Meyer, Austin Peay State University.

Policemoms: Perceived challenges impacting gender equity in policing, Lacy Ellis, Tiffin University.

Body worn cameras and implementation in the stockton, california police department: a pre- and post-survey of police officer attitudes, James E. Guffey, National University; Grant Bedford, Stockton Police Department; Eric Jones, Stockton Police Department.

Is cybervetting ethical? An overview of legal and ethical issues, Jillian R. Yarbrough, West Texas A&M University.

Public attitudes toward healthcare fraud: Reasons to commit fraud and common schemes, Nas Ahadiat, California State Polytechnic University.

Social Responsibility and the CPA Firm: A Case for Aristotle, Uday Shinde, Governors State University; Jay Shinde, Eastern Illinois University; Alex Hill, Eastern Illinois University; Chris Adams, Eastern Illinois University.

An investigation of the ethical reasoning skills of introductory accounting students, Trish Driskill, University of the Incarnate Word.

Leadership challenge courses for implementing experiential learning & ethical decision making, Deirdre Dixon, The University of Tampa; Erika Matulich, The University of Tampa; Raymond Papp, The University of Tampa.

Volume 10 - April, 2017:   (order printed edition)
Manuscripts published in Volumes 1 - 10 were published under the journal name Journal of Academic and Business Ethics (ISSN Online: 1941-336X, Print: 2327-7114).
Entrepreneurial intentions and attitudes towards plagiarism, José N. Cruz, University of Porto, Portugal; Pedro Sousa, University of Porto, Portugal; Daniela C. Wilks, University Portucalense, Portugal.

Banning the box in employee hiring, Kelly Mollica, University of Memphis.

Heterosexism, harassment, discrimination, and coping mechanisms among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning individuals , Claudia A. Arambula, Zapata County CISD; Don Jones, Texas A&M University – Kingsville; Marie-Anne Mundy, Texas A&M University Kingsville; Albert Ruiz, Texas A&M University - Kingsville.

There is so little research done on small business corporate social responsibility. Why?, Iraj Mahdavi, National University; Gerald O’Neal Moore, National University.

Preaching to the choir? Effect of required CSR courses on CSR attitudes, Michele E. Yoder, The University of Michigan-Dearborn; Karen Strandholm, The University of Michigan-Dearborn; Michael VanHemert, The University of Michigan-Dearborn.

Judicial Interpretation of Pennsylvania’s Dram Shop Law , Joel A. Waldman, Robert Morris University; James C. Heneghan, Robert Morris University; Patrick J. Litzinger, Robert Morris University.

Volume 9 - December, 2014:   (order printed edition)
Exploring millennials: a surprising inconsistency in making ethical decisions, Edward Wright, Western Carolina University; Jon E. Marvel, Western Carolina University, Kathleen DesMarteau, Responsible Research & Writing LLC.

Identity theft: a situation of worry; Passard C. Dean, Saint Leo University; Joshua Buck, Saint Leo University; Pierce Dean, Saint Leo University.

The False Claims Act’s broad-reach to substandard healthcare: recommendations to organizations; Angela Mattie, Quinnipiac University; Andrea de Azevedo, Teach Plus; Teresa Tai, Quinnipiac University; David Cadden, Quinnipiac University.

Precursors of professionalism of business graduates: implications for business education and the profession; Lana Nino, Whitter College.

Work group member culture and relational demography as antecedents of trustworthiness; Susan Murph, California Lutheran University; Kenneth M. Kambara, LIM College.

Nonviolence and marketing; Kaylene C. Williams, California State University, Stanislaus; Robert A. Page, Jr., Southern Connecticut State University; Alfred R. Petrosky, California State University, Stanislaus.

Corporate governance and ethical behaviour: The case of the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation; Promise Zvavahera, National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe; Gladys Ruvimbo Ndoda, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Zimbabwe.

Exposing academic dishonesty: prevalence and correlates at a small, Midwestern liberal-arts school; Jason Elliott, Duke University; John Deal, Manchester University; Matthew Hendryx, Manchester University.

The effect of ethical climate on the organizational commitment of faculty members; Heather L. Moore, East Tennessee State University; T. Winters Moore, East Tennessee State University.

Exploration of the ethical maturity of an undergraduate student cohort; Jason J. Haen, St. Norbert College; Kathleen K. Molnar, St. Norbert College.

Structured literature review: Time for a switch?; Suku Bhaskaran, GD Goenka World Institute-Lancaster University; Kim Anne Menezes, GD Goenka World Institute-Lancaster University.

Strategic defiance and profitability in the pharmaceutical industry; Danielle Cyr, Southern Connecticut State University; Robert A. Page, Jr., Southern Connecticut State University; Kaylene C. Williams, California State University, Stanislaus.

Volume 8 - July, 2014:   (order printed edition)

Exploring employee misconduct in the workplace: individual, organizational, and opportunity factors; Brian Davis, Weber State University; David Read, Weber State University; Sandra Powell, Weber State University.

Are businesses becoming more efficient through time? Testing the change in working capital requirements across economic sectors; Victor Bahhouth, The University of North Carolina - Pembroke; William Stewart Thomas, The University of North Carolina - Pembroke; Rebecca Gonzalez, The University of North Carolina - Pembroke.

Corporate governance and firms’ financial performance; Sekhar Muni Amba, New York Institute of Technology, Bahrain.

Financial reporting regulations, ethics and accounting education; George F. Kermis, Canisius College; Marguerite D. Kermis, Canisius College.

An ethical analysis of the high cost of low-priced clothing; Karen L. Stewart, The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey.

External funding: Impact on promotion and retention of STEM assistant professors; Estelle McGroarty, Michigan State University; Tiffeny R. Jimenez, National Louis University; Jodi Linley, Michigan State University; Yue Li, Miami University; Paulette Granberry-Russell, Michigan State University; Karen Patricia Williams, Michigan State University.

Teaching ethics makes a difference; Christine Z. J. Noel, Metropolitan State University of Denver; Lesley G. Hathorn, Metropolitan State University of Denver.

Exploring learning during a YouTube business ethics simulation; Richard Revoir, College of St. Scholastica.

Uncertainty avoidance, IT perceptions, use and adoption: distributed teams in two cultures; Cesar Perez-Alvarez, William Paterson University.

An investigation of United States and Hong Kong business students’ perceptions of corporate social responsibility; Julie Fitzpatrick, State University of New York (SUNY) at Fredonia; Joseph Cheng, Ithaca College.

Analysis of the language used within codes of ethical conduct; Geoffrey George, Melbourne Institute of Technology; Asheley Jones, Australian Computer Society; Jack Harvey, University of Ballarat.

The ethical orientation of aspiring entrepreneurs; John Withey, St. Edward’s University; Bill N. Schwartz, Howe School of Technology.

Volume 7 - June 2013:   (order printed edition)

Characteristics and financial performance of no-ethics-code firms; Obeua S. Persons, Rider University.

Regulation full disclosure (FD) and seasoned equity offering (SEO) firms; Loretta Baryeh, Towson University.

Marketing the media with sexuality and violence: Is it ethical? ; Ahmet Bayraktar, Rutgers University.

The Charitable Responsibilities Model of corporate social responsibility; Keith William Diener, George Washington University.

QZABs: zero-interest bonds for American schools; Guy Banicki, Illinois State University; Mary Ann Manos, Illinois State University.

Strategic initiatives to advance business ethics education: Reflecting on a seventeen-year journey; Kurt R. Linberg, College of St. Scholastica; Kathy Modin, College of St. Scholastica.

Online cheating - the case of the emperor's clothing, elephant in the room, and the 800 lb. gorilla; James L. Harbin, Texas A&M University-Texarkana; Patricia Humphrey, Texas A&M University-Texarkana.

Utility, ethics and behavior; Marcela Parada-Contzen, Universidad de Concepcion-Chile; Jose R. Parada-Daza, Universidad de Concepcion-Chile.

Gender dominated industries: breaking through the glass ceiling; Yusimit Barrios, Carlos Albizu University; Toni DiDona, Carlos Albizu University.

Emerging ethical issues: universities and information warfare; Kelly Fisher, Texas A&M University – Kingsville; Jack Shorter, Texas A&M University – Kingsville.

Guarding against groupthink in the professional work environment: a checklist; Diane Riordan, James Madison University; Michael Riordan, James Madison University.

Corporate social responsibility in the tourism sector: The case of Zimbabwe; Elinah Mandimika, University of Zimbabwe; Ever Taderera, Midlands State University; Loveness Nyikahadzoi, University of Zimbabwe; Wilson Matamande, University of Zimbabwe.

Volume 6 - September, 2012:   (order printed edition)

Governance softness and financial predation: First steps in solving the problem; Olivier Mesly, University of Québec in Outaouais.

Analysis of the perceptions of accounting students and practitioners regarding the ethnicity of earnings management post Sarbanes-Oxley; Deborah M. Pendarvis, University of Tampa; David E. Morris, Sr., North Georgia College & State University.

Academic dishonesty - team effort against it; a review of literature; Abel G. Waithaka, Liberty University; Priscilla Gitimu, Youngstown State University.

Why public integrity fails “The fault…is not in our stars, but in ourselves…”; Stuart H. Brody, SUNY New Paltz.

United Way of the Midlands community relations study; Julia Cronin-Gilmore, Bellevue University; Myra Jo Bates, Bellevue University; Doug Brown, Bellevue University.

Sex, harassment and the workplace; Cliff Fisher, Purdue University.

Students go click, flick and cheat… e-cheating, technologies and more; Zeenath Reza Khan, University of Wollongong in Dubai; Sreejith Balasubramanian, University of Wollongong in Dubai.

Honor and consequence: effect of honor code enforcement on ethical work climate; Kevin P. Pauli, Mississippi College; Tammy Y. Arthur, Mississippi College; Retha A. Price, Mississippi College.

Student perceptions toward a triple bottom line approach; Linda Piper, Nipissing University; Colin Mang, Nipissing University School of Business; John Knox, Nipissing University; Christopher Waddell, Nipissing University.

Plagiarism detection service in the learning environment – A testing tool or a self-management tool?; Natalya Delcoure, San Jose State University; Beena George, University of St. Thomas.

The institutional promotion of corporate social responsibility reporting: second tier institutions; Daniel Tschopp, Saint Leo University; Doug Barney, Indiana University Southeast; Patrick Ryan Murphy, Saint Leo University.

AABRI has permanently retracted this manuscript from publication for non-compliance with the AABRI Originality Policy: An ethical dilemma and corporate game changer; Benjamin Neil, Towson University; Michael Seganish, Towson University.

Volume 5 - March 2012:   (order printed edition)

Ethics: the soul of a business capstone course ; Khalid A. Razaki, Dominican University; Elizabeth Collier, Dominican University.

Organization culture as driver of competitive advantage ; Boniface C. Madu, Grand Canyon University.

Media coverage of corporate social responsibility ; Iraj Mahdavi, National University.

An exploration of the relationship between ethical orientation and goal orientation; Rebecca A. Luzadis, Miami University; Megan W. Gerhardt, Miami University.

Improving fear appeal ethics; Kaylene C. Williams, California State University, Stanislaus.

College students’ perception of ethics; Linda K. Lau, Longwood University; Brandon Caracciolo, Longwood University; Stephanie Roddenberry, Longwood University; Abbie Scroggins, Longwood University.

Johnson & Johnson: An ethical analysis of broken trust; Karen Stewart, The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey; Whiton Paine, The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey.

Using auditing concepts to discourage college student academic misconduct and encourage engagement; Daniel Tinkelman, Hofstra University.

Business ethics and social responsibility in contemporary China; Norman Scott St. Clair, University of the Incarnate Word; John T. Norris, University of the Incarnate Word.

The institutional promotion of corporate social responsibility reporting ; Daniel Tschopp, Saint Leo University; Steve Wells, Western Kentucky University; Doug Barney, Indiana University SE.

Setting the standard for faculty professional development in higher education; Marie-Anne Mundy, Texas A&M University-Kingsville; Lori Kupczynski, Texas A&M University-Kingsville; Joanetta D. Ellis, American Public University; Robina L. Salgado, Texas A&M University-Kingsville.

AABRI has permanently retracted this manuscript from publication for non-compliance with the AABRI Originality Policy: Eminent Domain: In Theory – It Makes Good Cents; Benjamin A. Neil, Towson University.

Volume 4 - July 2011:   (order printed edition)

Mother’s little helper: a medicated generation; Melody Yarbrough Knight, Texas A&M University-Kingsville; Lawrence Philip Knight, Texas A&M University-Kingsville; Steve Bain, Texas A&M University-Kingsville.

Law and ethics: society and corporate social responsibility: is the focus shifting?; Judith Kish Ruud, Shippensburg University; William Ruud, Shippensburg University.

Minimizing strategic deception through individual values; Keiko Krahnke, University of Northern Colorado; Isaac Wanasika, University of Northern Colorado.

An analysis of the “core” decision process of the Hunt and Vitell model of ethical decision making in marketing; Donald Brady, American University in Bulgaria; Zlatinka Gougoumanova, Essex Business School, UK.

Using the COSO model of internal control as a framework for ethics initiatives in business schools; Kent Schneider, East Tennessee State University; Lana Lowe Becker, East Tennessee State University.

Religiosity and test-taking ethics among Business School students; James Burton, University of West Georgia; Salil Talpade, University of West Georgia; Joel Haynes, University of West Georgia.

Evaluating ethical integrity: organizational downsizing in northeast Florida during an economic recession; Julius Demps II, Jacksonville University; Erica Baker, CSX Transportation.

Wall Street and patents: financial innovation or ethical dilemma; Chris Tanner, Tokyo, Japan; Stephen Lacewell, Murray State University.

Across the great divide: Management, culture, and sustainability across NAFTA region; Doreen Sams, Georgia College and State University; Mohammad Ayub Khan, Tecnologico de Monterrey; Monica Ospina, Seneca & George Brown Colleges.

Thwarting online exam cheating without proctor supervision; G. R. Cluskey Jr., Troy University, Global Campus; Craig Ehlen, University of Southern Indiana; Mitchell Raiborn, Bradley University.

Do business ethics worsen during economic crises? A study of Russian attitudes; Eugene D. Jaffe, Ruppin Academic Center; Alexandr Tsimerman, The Center for Academic Studies.

Caging the guerrilla consumer: The report from Illinois; Wayne Koprowski, Dominican University; David Aron, Dominican University.

Volume 3 - January, 2011:   (order printed edition)

Micro loans; a solution to the plight of Africa’s impoverished; James Larson, National University; James Guffey, National University; Juan España, National University.

Food cloning – ethical considerations for business organizations; Michael Brizek, Troy University; Nicole Cameron, Troy University; Angel Woodle, Troy University.

New, multi-faceted hybrid approaches to ensuring academic integrity; Robert Kitahara, Troy University – Southeast Region; Frederick Westfall, Troy University – Southeast Region; John Mankelwicz, Troy University – Southeast Region.

Ethical practices and regulatory context of family businesses; Wendy Plant, The University of Tampa; Catherine Pratt, Pacific Lutheran University; Joseph McCann, Jacksonville University.

The role of integrity in individual and effective corporate leadership; Jan Warren Duggar, Holy Family University.

Corruption in Slovakia: ethical issues from a systematic point of view; Omid Furutan, University of La Verne.

The successful graduate student: a review of the factors for success; Steve Bain, Texas A&M University-Kingsville; LaVonne Fedynich, Texas A&M University-Kingsville; Melody Knight, Texas A&M University-Kingsville.

Rater error bias training in the employment interview and racioethnicity biased perceptions; Sharon Segrest, University of South Florida St. Petersburg.

Advancing cognitive moral development: a field observation of college students; Cynthia Rodriguez Cano, Georgia College & State University; Doreen Sams, Georgia College & State University.

Sequencing the genome of the customer mind by RDE and intervention testing; Howard Moskowitz, Moskowitz Jacobs, Inc.; Alex Gofman, Moskowitz Jacobs, Inc.; Linda Ettinger Lieberman, Moskowitz Jacobs, Inc.; Ipshita Ray, Pace University; Stephen Onufrey, Onufrey Group LLC.

International educational ethics: Asia, South Pacific, Europe, Canada and Latin America; Heather Hilliard, University of Tampa; Theresa Crudele, University of Tampa; Erika Matulich, University of Tampa; Robert McMurrian, University of Tampa.

Ethics concerning physical attractiveness phenomenon: business strategy versus research knowledge; Gordon Patzer, Roosevelt University.

Volume 2: July, 2009   (order printed edition)
Trading ethics for possessions; Nora Martin, University of South Carolina; Diane Prince, Clayton State University.

Student Teachers’ Knowledge of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ; John Kessell, Western Kentucky University; Gary Wingenbach, Texas A&M University; David Lawver, Texas Tech University.

Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction for the Changing Work Environment; Mason Fries, National University.
Arbitral Views of Fighting: An Analysis of Arbitration Cases, 1989-2003 ; Carrie Donald, University of Louisville; John Ralston, University of Louisville; Suzanne Webb, University of Louisville.

Model for the Transition from Ethical Deficit to a Transparent Corporate Culture: A Response to the Financial Meltdown ; George Kermis, Canisius College; Marguerite Kermis, Canisius College.

Perceptions of college and university codes of ethics ; Michael Yahr, Robert Morris University; Lois Bryan, Robert Morris University; Kurt Schimmel, Robert Morris University.

The state of business schools, business education, and business ethics ; Frank Cavico, Nova Southeastern University; Bahaudin Mujtaba, Nova Southeastern University.

Unethical misuse of derivatives and market volatility around the global financial crisis; Hoje Jo, Santa Clara University; Claudia Lee, Santa Clara University; Adam Munguia, Santa Clara University; Cantalina Nguyen, Santa Clara University.

Elementary pre-service mathematics Teachers and Technology: Are They Ready?; Matthew Boggan, Mississippi State University; Sallie Harper, Mississippi State University; Elizabeth Bifuh-Ambe, University of Massachusetts at Lowell.

Ethical dilemmas in marketing practices among small and medium sized enterprises; John Withey, St. Edward’s University.

A study of stress sources among college students in Taiwan; Cheng Kai-Wen, Kaohsiung Hospitality College.

Volume 1: January, 2009   (order printed edition)
To Pass At Any Cost: Addressing Academic Integrity Violations, Raymond Papp, PhD, University of Tampa, Monnie Wertz, University of Tampa.

The Role of Motivation and Attitude on Cheating Among Business Students, Kenneth J. Smith, PhD, Salisbury University, Jeanette A. Davy, Wright State University, Donald L. Rosenberg, Towson University, G. Timothy Haight, Menlo College.

School Grades Based on Standardized Test Scores: Are They Fair? ;Harriet A. Stranahan, University of North Florida;J. Rody Borg, Jacksonville University; Mary O. Borg, University of North Florida.

Faculty Perceptions Concerning the Ethics of Classroom Management Practices ;Thomas Davies, The University of South Dakota; David Moen, The University of South Dakota; DeVee Dykstra, The University of South Dakota.

Marketing to Patients: A Legal and Ethical Perspective ; Deborah Gray, Central Michigan University; Linda Christiansen, Indiana University Southeast.

NO HARM, NO FOUL ; Nora Martin, University of South Carolina; Diane Prince, Clayton State University.

Juror Information on the Web: A Study of Hispanic Populated Texas Counties ; Irma Jones, The University of Texas at Brownsville; Janna Arney, The University of Texas at Brownsville; Dianna C. Blankenship, Texas Center for the Judiciary.

Professional Women: The Continuing Struggle for Acceptance and Equality ; Pearl Jacobs, Sacred Heart University; Linda Schain, Hofstra University.

Toward a Model for the Use of Spirituality in Teaching Accounting ; Deborah Hocking, Shippensburg University; Mary Myers, Shippensburg University; Scott Cairns, Shippensburg University.



A Comparative Analysis of Ethnic Groups in Military and Federal Services on Measures of Perceived Organizational EO Climate, Commitment and Job Satisfaction ; Gary Whaley, Norfolk State University; Moncef Belhadjali, Norfolk State University.

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Academic and Business Research Institute
P.O. Box 2235, Ponte Vedra Beach, FL, 32004, USA
Phone - (904)435-4330
Dr. Russell Baker, AABRI Executive Director